Debian install of ROS Noetic
The ROS build farm builds Debian packages for several Ubuntu platforms, listed below. These packages are ready to use so you don't have to build from source. You can check the status of individual packages here.
Note that there are also packages available from Ubuntu upstream. Please see UpstreamPackages to understand the difference.
If you rely on these packages, please support OSRF.
These packages are built and hosted on infrastructure maintained and paid for by the Open Source Robotics Foundation, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. If OSRF were to receive one penny for each downloaded package for just two months, we could cover our annual costs to manage, update, and host all of our online services. Please consider donating to OSRF today.
Configure your Debian repositories
Configure your Debian repositories to allow "contrib" and "non-free". You can follow the Debian guide for instructions on doing this.
Setup your sources.list
Setup your computer to accept software from packages.ros.org. ROS Noetic ONLY supports Buster (Debian 10).
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.ros.org/ros/ubuntu $(lsb_release -sc) main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'
Source Debs are also available
Set up your keys
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv-key C1CF6E31E6BADE8868B172B4F42ED6FBAB17C654
First, make sure your Debian package index is up-to-date:
sudo apt update
Now pick how much of ROS you would like to install.
Desktop-Full Install: (Recommended) : Everything in Desktop plus 2D/3D simulators and 2D/3D perception packages
sudo apt install ros-noetic-desktop-full
or click here
Desktop Install: Everything in ROS-Base plus tools like rqt and rviz
sudo apt install ros-noetic-desktop
or click here
ROS-Base: (Bare Bones) ROS packaging, build, and communication libraries. No GUI tools.
sudo apt install ros-noetic-ros-base
or click here
There are even more packages available in ROS. You can always install a specific package directly.
sudo apt install ros-noetic-PACKAGEe.g.
sudo apt install ros-noetic-slam-gmapping
To find available packages, see ROS Index or use:
apt search ros-noetic
You must source this script in every bash terminal you use ROS in.
It can be convenient to automatically source this script every time a new shell is launched. These commands will do that for you.
If you have more than one ROS distribution installed, ~/.bashrc must only source the setup.bash for the version you are currently using.
echo "source /opt/ros/noetic/setup.bash" >> ~/.bashrc source ~/.bashrc
echo "source /opt/ros/noetic/setup.zsh" >> ~/.zshrc source ~/.zshrc
Now, to test your installation, please proceed to the ROS Tutorials.